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boat explained :: main parts

[1] backstay: the wire between the stern and mast, which keeps the mast fixed
[2] boom: horizontal pole that holds the bottom of the mainsail
[3] boom: vang
line that keeps the boom at right angles to the mast
[4] batten: elastic horizontal peace that support mainsail
[5] bow:
the front (pointy) end of the boat
[6] forestay:
the wire between the bow and mast, which keeps the mast fixed
[7] genoa: large foresail that overlaps the mainsail
[8] head:
the upper corner of a triangular sail
[9] hull:
the main body of a vessel
[10] keel: underwater fin attached to the hull that provides stability
[11] lifeline: cable fence around the deck
[12] mainsail:
the sail set on the mainmast and boom
[13] mainsheet: the line that controls the boom
[14] mast:
a spar set upright to support rigging and sails
[15] propeller: engine propelling device with blades
[16] rudder:
a vertical plate or board for steering a boat
[17] shroud:
run from the top of the mast to both sides of the hull
[18] stern:
the back end of a boat, usually the square end
[19] wheel: device used for turning/maneuvering boat
[20] winch: cylindrical device used for tightening lines and sails

 

 

 

 

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sails

main sail trisail gennaker spinnaker genoa jib
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Sails come in different shapes and sizes depending on position and function. Mainsail, trisail, foresails, jibs and spinnakers are made from woven polyester replaced cotton (Dacron) or plastic laminate (Mylar) each whit it's own advantages and disadvantages.
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knots
bowline water bowline figure eight fishermen bend round turn sheet bend
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All knotting can be summarized within three main groups: knots, bends and hitches. A hitch attaches a line to a post, ring or another line; a bend joins two lines together.

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